Knowing your numbers is an essential part of monitoring your advanced prostate cancer. Key numbers to know include your prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, the level of pain you are experiencing, and information about your cancer that can be revealed by scans.

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Know Your PSA Number

A PSA test is one tool in helping to identify if your prostate cancer is progressing despite receiving treatment to lower testosterone.

Hear Bill and Dan talk about the importance of PSA testing

Prostate cells, including cancerous ones, produce something called PSA. Your doctor will typically check your PSA level throughout prostate cancer treatment using a PSA test.

PSA tests can help your doctor identify trends, including whether your PSA level is consistently going up, how quickly it’s rising, and over what period of time.

If your PSA level starts to rise while you’re receiving treatment to lower your testosterone level, this may mean that your cancer is getting worse.

Other factors may affect your PSA level, including conditions like benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), an enlarged, but noncancerous, prostate and prostatitis, inflammation that may come from a bacterial infection; some medicines; exercise such as running or bicycling; and ejaculations. Your doctor may recommend you refrain from sex and exercise for 3 days before a PSA test. This will allow the PSA test to be more exact.